#OCL4Ed: Activity 3.1

This multiple choice activity is in response to Activity 3.1 of #OCL4Ed.

A graphic designers in education very often get request similar to the following.

1. To use a graph from a government institution in a layout of a study guide.
2. To use a work of art of which the creator is not known in a design or layout.
3. To use a photo or copy of money in a presentation. The euro currency applies.

Which of the following options will be best for the designer to follow.

1.1 The graph may be used without clearing rights, because it is from a government publication.
— Incorrect: although governments give material free of charge, some may need permission to use. The work of national laboratories, for instance, are not free to use.

1.2 To redraw it to look completely different.
— Incorrect: The information of a graph is intellectual property and redrawing it will not change the information.

1.3 To ask permission to use it from the government.
— Correct: The government will indicated who the owner is, if permission is needed. They will also indicate special acknowledgements specifications like adding the URL in a caption

2.1 It can be used with a disclaimer.
Partly correct: A disclaimer does not guarantee that the owner will not ask for payment at a later stage.

2.2 The designer can use less tan 50 % of the whole image or change the image to differ more than 50% from the original.
— Incorrect: A changed work of art fall under the category derivative work.

3.1 The designer may use a photograph or copy, because it is not real and will not be used to purchase something.
— Incorrect: There are specific restriction for photographs or copies.

3.2 The designer may use part of an image of the money.
— Incorrect: The European central bank restricts the use of any element that resembles a bank-note or coin.

3.3 The designer may use the photo if the image is smaller and at an angle of the original.
— Correct


Open matters with #OCL4ED

The term, open, is so wide that by searching for content for this blog post, I have stumbled upon so many pages with many different understanding and applying of the term. There are, among others, pages on open education, open sources, open and free resources, open databases and free sites for publishing and sharing.

There are collaboration projects like OpenEdx invite developers to help build an online learning platform (http://code.edx.org/). Open and free education pages include WikiEducator, Interaction Design Foundation and Olé.org.

Opensource.com focus on open online publication and 3TU.Datacentrum offers tools to archive research data that is openly available. Graphic Mania offers free items and tutorials for graphic designers. Flotcarts.org.is an open source JavaScript plotting library for jQuery, that will make design time faster and should give pleasure to viewers and clients.

Some of these services and platforms are open and free to use; others are open for contributions and for sharing as well. They are not difficult to find when searching and they are inviting to use and join. They all ask for people and institutions to contribute.

I can learn and gain by people and institutions being open with their knowledge, developments and services, therefore I should and must contribute and share in return.

The mission of olé.org say why they are open. They would like to “remove barriers through open education”. They want every person to be able to have free education and not be hindered by any physical boundaries like disabilities, money, remoteness, poor resources and lack of teachers.

May one hope that by contributing to open sources will help educating and Ban Kimoon’s wish to realise.

“When we put education first, we can reduce poverty and hunger, end wasted potential – and look forward to stronger and better societies for all.”
– Ban Kimoon, Secretary of the General of the United Nations